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Germline gain-of-function mutations in CARD11 lead to the primary immunodeficiency, B cell expansion with NF-κB, and T cell anergy (BENTA). Herein, we report the case of a girl, presenting at 2 years of age with lymphocytosis and splenomegaly in whom a novel, in-frame, three base pair deletion in CARD11 was identified resulting in the deletion of a single lysine residue (K215del) from the coiled-coil domain. In vitro functional assays demonstrated that this variant leads to a subtle increase in baseline NF-κB signaling and impaired proliferative responses following T cell receptor and mitogenic stimulation. Previously reported immunological defects associated with BENTA appear mild in our patient who is now 6 years of age; a B cell lymphocytosis and susceptibility to upper respiratory tract infections persist; however, she has broad, sustained responses to protein-polysaccharide conjugate vaccines and displays normal proliferative responses to ex vivo T cell stimulation.

Original publication

DOI

10.1007/s10875-019-00729-x

Type

Journal article

Journal

Journal of clinical immunology

Publication Date

02/01/2020

Addresses

Clinical Immunology Service, Institute of Immunology and Immunotherapy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, West Midlands, B15 2TT, UK. a.m.shields@bham.ac.uk.